*Things are about to get dark, and a little trigger-some, as todays creature revolves around Suicide, viewers discretion is advised.*
Today we are talking about Walking Sam, also known as The Tall Man, from the South Dakota, Sioux, but more specifically, the Pine Ridge Reserve. Like always, we will start with discussing who they are.
Oglala is a Lakota word meaning "to scatter one's own." The Oglala Lakota Nation is one of the seven bands of the Lakota of the Great Sioux Nation. They are a proud people with a rich history and culture.
Today we are talking about Walking Sam, also known as The Tall Man, from the South Dakota, Sioux, but more specifically, the Pine Ridge Reserve.
This week's phase is:
A little bit about the history of the area, as mentioned in our previous episode, there are five major engagements in history. These included the Grattan Massacre, 1854, Fetterman Fight, in 1866, Battle of the Rosebud, 1876, Battle of the Little Bighorn, in 1876, and the Wounded Knee Massacre, in 1890. In this episode we are just going to be covering the last major event that happened between The United States government and the Sioux. The Massacre at Wounded Knee, 1890. Located on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in southwestern South Dakota. This was the site of two conflicts between the Sioux and the U.S. government. So throughout 1890, the U.S. government was worried about the increasing influence at Pine Ridge of the Ghost Dance. The Ghost Dance is a spiritual movement. Many Sioux believed that if they practiced the Ghost Dance and rejected the ways of the colonizers, the gods would create the world anew and destroy all non-believers.
But on December 15, 1890, the reservation police tried arresting Sitting Bull, the famous Sioux chief, who they mistakenly believed was a Ghost Dancer. They killed him in the process, which increased the tensions at Pine Ridge. A mere two weeks later, on December 29, 1890, the US 7th Cavalry Regiment surrounded an encampment of Sioux Indians near Wounded Knee Creek on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. While attempting to “disarm” the Sioux, the US army opened fired, which resulted in the deaths of more than 250, possibly as many as 300 Sioux. These people were guilty of no crime and were not engaged in combat. And a substantial number of them were women and children. And get this, the US public opinion on this devastating event, was generally in-favor the the Army. The official Army inquiry, not only exonerated the 7th Cavalry, but they awarded Medals of Honor to about twenty soldiers. Though the massacre at Wounded Knee was not the last armed conflict between Native Americans and the US Army, it marked the definitive end of the “Indian Wars”. After Wounded Knee, the remaining nations were either forcibly assimilated into mainstream white society. But like many, they never really recovered, as they are now some of the poorest reserves, in the states, and yet they persevere.